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Journal Source Gathering

The purpose of this guide is to help senior and junior journal staff members through the source gathering process. This guide covers the most reliable sources for some of the most used items found on subscription databases and on the Internet.


Scroll down for common legal abbreviations.


United States Supreme Court

Federal District Courts and Courts of Appeals

State Courts

REMEMBER – Always check your cases to make sure they are still good law – Shepard’s on Lexis, KeyCite on West; BCite on Bloomberg.

See Shepardizing tab on left.

Legal Abbreviations

Common Legal Abbreviations

A.3d, A.2d, A. = Atlantic Reporter*

A.D.3d, A.D.2d, A.D. = N.Y. Appellate Division Reports

Cal. Rptr. 3d, Cal. Rptr. 2d, Cal. Rptr. = California Reporter

C.F.R. = Code of Federal Regulations

CLS = Consolidated Laws Service

F.3d, F.2d, F. = Federal Reporter

F. Supp. 3d, F. Supp. 2d, F. Supp. = Federal Supplement

Fed. Reg. = Federal Register

L. Ed. 2d, L. Ed. = Supreme Court Reports Lawyers' Edition

Misc. 3d, Misc. 2d, Misc. = N.Y. Miscellaneous Reports

N.E.3d, N.E.2d, N.E. = Northeastern Reporter*

N.W.2d, N.W. = Northwestern Reporter*

N.Y.3d, N.Y.2d, N.Y. = New York Reports

N.Y.C.R.R. = Official Compilation of the Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York

N.Y.S.2d, N.Y.S. = New York Supplement

P.3d, P.2d, P. = Pacific Reporter*

Pub. L. No. = Public Law

S. Ct. = Supreme Court Reporter

S.E.2d, S.E. = Southeastern Reporter*

So. 3d, So. 2d, So. = Southern Reporter*

Stat. = United States Statutes at Large

S.W.3d, S.W.2d, S.W. = Southwestern Reporter*

U.S. = United States Reports

U.S.C. = United States Code

U.S.C.A. = United States Code Annotated

U.S.C.C.A.N. = United States Code Congressional and Administrative News

U.S.C.S. = United States Code Service


* Regional Reporters